Agricultural pests

Agricultural pests and Other treatments

What are agricultural pests and what effects do they produce?

Agricultural pests we understand them as those in which all animals, plants or microorganisms, at that time, have a negative effect on agricultural production.

If there is a concentrated and reliable source of food, plants can thrive. The measures normally used to increase crop productivity, in turn, create a favorable environment for pests.

In terms of plant protection, the concept of agricultural pest has evolved alongside the development of science and technology applied to agriculture.

Therefore, entities Biotics that could be grouped into higher animals (insects, mites, nematodes, birds and rodents), microorganisms (viroids, viruses, mycoplasmas, bacteria and fungi) and higher floors (weeds), are still included in the concept of plague, being able to group them in superior animals, diseases and weeds.

However, other biotic entities in the past were considered pests, for example, many species associated in one way or another with the host, now they are no longer considered pests. Including numerous endemic species, which were rarely abundant and with insufficient densities to be truly considered pests. And therefore, without considering its economic importance (damages translated into losses); something that is now essential to decide and define the category as an organism's pest, regularly or permanently associated with a crop.

Agricultural pests: another concept

Another pest concept put aside the economic conception and focuses on people's interests (health, cultivated plants, pets, materials or natural means); that is, if the potentially harmful species exists.

This allows separate the concept of pest from the animal species that causes the damage, and thus avoid establishing classifications of 'good' and 'bad' species, and facilitating the explanation of why a species is beneficial in one place and harmful in another.

The international community welcomes the definition next for pest:

"Any species, race or biotype of plants or animals or pathogens harmful to plants or plant products" [FAO 2018].

FitoAgro drone treating agricultural pests in cotton field
Slugs are one of the agricultural pests we treat
We treat agricultural pests to have healthy wheat fields
  • "Any species, race or biotype of plants or animals or pathogens harmful to plants or plant products" [FAO 2018]
  • Economic importance (damage translated into loss) is something that is now essential to decide and define the category as an organism's pest
  • Another pest concept focuses on people's interests: health, cultivated plants, domestic animals, materials, or natural environments.

Agricultural pests: Classification

We can then classify agricultural pests in different ways:

Biological
  • Weeds (plants)
  • Pathogens (diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and / or fungi)
  • Arthropods (insects, arachnids, mites, etc.)
  • Vertebrates (mammals, birds, reptiles, etc.)
By the type of damage they cause
    • Direct plague: When the species damages the organs of the plant that the man is going to harvest.
    • Indirect pest: When the species damages plant organs that are not the parts that man harvests
Phytosanitary importance
  • Quarantine plague: Pest of potential economic importance to the endangered area when the pest does not yet exist or, if it exists, is not widespread and is under official control.
  • Non-quarantine pest: Pest that is not considered a quarantine pest for a given area.
  • Regulated pest: Quarantine pest or regulated non-quarantine pest.
  • Regulated non-quarantine pest: Non-quarantine pest whose presence in the plants for planting influences the proposed use for these plants with economically unacceptable repercussions and, therefore, is regulated in the territory of the importing contracting party.
  • Forest pest: Plague of forest products.
  • Exotic plague: The one that does not exist in a certain area.
  • Plague A1: Exotic quarantine pest to a given area.
  • Plague A2: Quarantine pest that is present in an area, but with limited distribution and kept under official control.
Pest control

Insecticides, which vary according to their way of acting.

  • Contact: system of obstructing the tracheal stigmas of the insect.
  • Ingestion: Produces poisoning in the digestive system.
  • Systematic: Consists of the plant absorbing the insecticide, causing it to die when the animal feeds on it.
  • Inhalation or suffocating: Choking the insect.
  • Attraction and repulsion: It works by attracting the insect to try the plant, once the insect is in the same cause that the insect feels disgust and walks away.

Today, in the same way that FitoStinger prioritizes in this regard it is use ecological insecticides to be less negative (or null) effect that these have in the environment. Trying to carry out biological control actions when possible.

Biological control is a method of controlling pests, diseases and weeds that consists of using living organisms in order to control the populations of another organism.

  • We must separate the concept of pest from the animal species that causes the damage, and thus avoid establishing classifications of 'good' and 'bad' species
  • Some species will be beneficial in one place and harmful in another.
  • We will be able to classify pests in a biological way, by the type of damage caused, by their phytosanitary importance or by the control system used
  • FitoStinger prioritizes the use of ecological insecticides
  • Biological control actions will be prioritized when possible
  • Biological control uses living organisms to control populations of another organism
  • The spread of pests has increased dramatically due to climate change, globalization and trade
  • Today pests can easily spread between countries and quickly reach epidemic grade
  • Rapid spread can jeopardize farmers' livelihoods and food security for millions of people
  • The spread of pests is carried out mainly through migratory processes, by environmental factors and by means of vectors
  • FitoStinger has environmental protection as its premise

A drone for every need

We invite you to see our UAS

Agricultural pests: Propagation

The spread of transboundary plant pests and diseases has increased dramatically in recent years, thanks to globalization, trade and climate change.

So the pests can easily spread to multiple countries and reach epidemic dimensions. This pIt can jeopardize the livelihoods of vulnerable farmers and the food and nutrition security of millions of people.

Agricultural pests and diseases spread mainly in three ways:

  • Trade and movement migratory
  • The environmental factors: wind
  • And by insects or other pathogens transmitted by vectors
FitoAgro drone treating agricultural pests
  • Our treatments are based on localized and drift-free applications
  • We feed on the latest technology systems, based on artificial vision, georeferencing and analysis of the environment
  • Our FitoAgro drone is trained to treat large areas
  • The relationship between the person in charge of the cultivation and our technicians will be essential in the treatments
  • We carry out medium and long-term strategy planning to increase productivity, being able to base studies in precision agriculture
  • Our adaptability allows us to offer customized solutions to very specific requirements. Never hesitate to ask us about your idea.

Agricultural pests: How do we carry out the treatments?

FitoStinger has as its premise the environmental Protection in all its treatments. Therefore, since its birth, it has maintained the same way of localized application, Through our injector armwhich is proprietary. However, we have other equipment that allow us to keep that aspect localized, but giving us the possibility of cover a larger area and load a larger quantity of necessary product.

Therefore, the drone accurately approaches each target and performs the treatments in a way that drift is non-existent. Preserving the environment once again and focusing on the problem in a direct way.

Our drones evolve day by day, increasing the capabilities of machine vision and terrain analysis, to adapt to it and improve flights and proximity to the ground.

Agricultural pests: personalized FitoStinger treatments

From here on, a wide range of options and customization opens up for each of our clients. Being able to choose very specific solutions to each problem and having the ability to adapt our aircraft to each situation, thus offering the most appropriate treatment for the pest that affects the crop.

Throughout this page we have been able to see some examples of pests whose treatment we can carry out with our drones and especially with our FitoAgro drone.

On the other hand, we will always try to establish a relationship of maximum trust with the person responsible for the crop and or the engineer who manages it, joining efforts together with our work team and carrying out accurate work schedules. No one better than the person in charge to know your own land and its crops, so this collaboration / communication is essential.

To all this, you can add ratings and medium and long term strategy planning, to generate statistical data to improve productivity of the area and combine it, if necessary, with analyzes framed in the precision farming.

Manual fertilization
ripe corn cob

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