Urban pests

Pests Urban

What are urban pests and what effects do they produce?

Urban pests are possibly the most complex a manager must deal with plagas. Although the categories of urban pests are the same as in agriculture, the habitat is much more diverse and does not have as much continuity.

Since the beginning of the year 2000 we have been working with a focus on integrated pest control management. En el Integrated Control all available tools are used to manage pests, promoting prevention in the first place through preventive measures. Modification of people's habits is recommended (cultural measures), the sanitation of the environment (hygienic measures), the correct temperature and humidity (environmental measures), and optimization of buildings (structural measures). Second, if the harmful organism is present, they run corrective measures. They are carried out first mechanical and physical measurements; and then the biological and chemical measures. If there is no other effective option and a chemical control, the less toxic and addressed to the target species, With the proper technique and in the fair amount.

Integrated pest control pyramid

Therefore, Integrated Pest Control, does not consist in the reaction to a problem, but in the organization of long-term activities to keep pests under control. These activities are carried out in coordination between the pest control company and the client, who must cooperate to achieve established objectives.

Definition of urban pests

It is not a biological or ecological concept but practical and anthropocentric: A plague is an organism that conflicts with our interests.

The definition is strongly related to the notion of abundance o high number of individuals. But the concept of plague is rather tied to harmful effect that certain organisms cause in human activity. In an attempt to define the concept in a more technical way, it could be said that a plague is a set of living beings that, due to their abundance and / or their characteristics, can cause health problems, inconvenience, damage or economic loss to people.

The concept of plague has a subjective element since the number of individuals that constitutes a plague depends on each place, each time and each culture. Thus, the presence of a cockroach on the sidewalk of a street in any city is not considered a pest, but it would be considered if it appears in a hospital operating room or in a school kitchen.

Black fly image

Location of urban pests

Many unwanted species visit or make their home in residential buildings, industrial sites and urban areas. Some pollute the foodsothers damage the structural woodsothers chew fabrics or infest stored dry goods. Many times inflict great economic loss, others carry disease or cause fire risks, and some are just one hassle.

To control these pests, it is fought by improving sanitation and waste management, modifying the habitat and using repellents, growth regulators, traps, baits and pesticides.

CIP principles

  • Correct identification of the harmful organism.
  • Determine damage level and tolerance threshold.
  • Monitor the population and determine the factors that promote its growth.
  • Carry out a program of performances and select the best moment of performance.
  • Prioritize preventive and corrective measures of a mechanical and physical nature.
  • If chemical measures are taken, choose the least aggressive ones.
  • Carry out targeted treatments with the least amount of pesticide.
  • Carry out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the program of actions.
  • The urban environment is possibly the most complex for pest management
  • Urban pests inflict large economic losses
  • Applications in residential buildings, industry, urban areas, etc.
  • Urban pests are carriers of diseases, increase the risk of fire or simply are an aesthetic nuisance
  • The fight is based on improvement of sanitation, improvement of garbage management, habitat modifications, use of repellents and growth regulators; as well as the use of traps, baits and pesticides

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